Pelvic Floor Tension / Pain
The pelvic floor muscles support the pelvic organs and stretch like a hammock across the bottom of the pelvis from the tailbone at the back to the pubic bone in the front. A woman's pelvic floor muscles support her bladder, uterus and bowel. The urine tube (front passage), the vagina and the back passage all pass through the pelvic floor muscles.
Services > Pelvic Floor Tension / Pain
The pelvic floor muscles help control bladder and bowel function and help with sexual function, which is why people know it is important to keep the pelvic floor muscles strong. What a lot of people do not realize is that it is possible to also have pelvic floor muscles that are too tight (hypertonic). Yes, in the same way you can get muscles in other parts of your body too tense and knotted up, your pelvic floor muscles can also become too tense and shortened, causing an increasingly recognized problem: pelvic-floor dysfunction (PFD).
PFD affects one in four American women. It can manifest itself as vulvar vestibulitis (an inflammation of vulvar tissue), a bowel disorder (endometriosis), chronic pain or tenderness in the bladder (interstitial cystitis) or lingering pain in the hip, back or abdomen.
What Are the Risk Factors?
Because the pelvic floor connects the upper and lower body, the pain can shoot up to the back or down to the feet, darting everywhere in between. That’s why this disorder is so commonly misdiagnosed and doctors end up simply treating the symptoms instead of finding the cause. Giving birth boosts your chances of developing PFD by anywhere from18% to 32% or more. Doing Kegels, involuntarily tensing your muscles during menstrual cramps or other pain, undergoing surgery, being involved in an accident and obesity are risk factors for PFD. Having a cesarean or hysterectomy can leave behind adhesions and scars that can exacerbate the problem.
How Physical Therapy Can Help
A physical therapist is highly trained in manual therapy techniques to promote pelvic floor relaxation and re-education for the correct activation of these muscles. Some methods they may employ include:
- Education about their pelvic anatomy and how different components work together
- Desensitizing painful areas using physical tough or vaginal dilators
- Manual therapy
- Pelvic floor stretches
- Massage techniques
- Postural re-education
- Treatment of concurrent conditions (e.g., problems with Sacroiliac joints, low back problems, etc.)
- Progressive strengthening of the pelvic floor muscles
If you suffer with pelvic floor tension or pain, give us a call
We have the trained specialists who can help diagnose the root cause, relieve the pain and get you on the road to recovery.